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Parkinson’s disease is a condition of the brain that will progressively worsen over a long period of time. The disease comes with a range of different issues, including physical and psychological, this includes depression, having troubles sleeping (otherwise known as insomnia), having trouble remembering things and losing their sense of smell, which is called Anosmia. There are loads of different symptoms that are connected with Parkinson’s disease ­ all of which differ from person to person as well as the severity of each.

 

Parkinson's disease 1Now, its very unlikely for a person suffering with the disease to have many of these symptoms, but they may/will have some of them. Parkinson’s disease is usually found in middle age and elderly people. With Parkinson’s disease there are three main symptoms. These are ­ Uncontrollable shaking, which usually starts in the hand or arm, the likelihood of this happening is when the limb is at rest.

Secondly, another symptom is called Bradykinesia ­ Which is the slowness of movement which makes physical movements slower, making everyday tasks more difficult than usual. The final main sign of the disease is Muscle Stiffness and tension in the muscles. Making it harder to move around and also make facial expressions. This can lead to cramps that are quite painful.

As mentioned before, these symptoms will all differ in severity. There are other symptoms as well as these ones which you can read online if you’re concerned about your health or the health of a loved one.

Roughly 127,000 people in the UK have been diagnosed which is most commonly found in people over 50 but people who are younger can get it too!

A quite recent story about an actor called Michael J Fox ­ Who starred in a popular movie called Back to the Future as Marty Mcfly in 1985 who also has Parkinson’s disease tried on the first pair of “self lacing shoes”. He was diagnosed at the age of just 29 and has been living with it since. The scientific side of Parkinson’s Disease.

The reason people develop this disease is because they haven’t got enough of a chemical called dopamine, this is because certain nerve cells in their brain have died. It’s yet to be proven why these cells actually die. Dopamine functions as a neurotransmitter which is a chemical substance that will transmit an impulse from one nerve to either nerve, organ, muscle or different tissue. It basically acts as a messenger for the body. Dopamine is also connected with another brain disorder called schizophrenia and ADHD.

Other than helping with the nervous system it is also used in blood vessels, the kidneys, the pancreas, the digestive system and the immune system. Dopamine is created by brain cells called neurons, in the human brain. These types of neurons that create dopamine are more concentrated in a certain part of the brain called the substantia nigra. Which is located roughly in the middle of the brain. The substantia nigra is the part of the brain that plays a role in movement, addiction and reward.

It is the cells in this area of the brain that die which cause a lack of dopamine, which is also why one of the main symptoms is based on movement, stiffness. And why one of the other symptoms is depressions, due to not being able to feel rewarded. Ways to reduce the risk of getting the disease. Due to the cause of Parkinson’s disease being unknown, prevention to the disease will continue to remain a mystery. However, some research has shown that caffeine (found in tea, coke, coffee), Green Tea and Aerobic exercise has been shown to help prevent Parkinson’s disease.

Surprisingly, smoking is also found to help prevent Parkinson’s disease ­ however its not recommended due to the amount of other health issues associated with smoking. Going into detail about the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. As described before, the severeness of Parkinson’s will differ from person to person and doesn’t come in an exact order, they wont get every single one of these symptoms but they may/will get a few of these. Balance issues ­ this is a more serious symptom because they are more likely to have a fall and injure themselves. Nerve pain ­ this can differ from a burning sensation, coldness or numbness. Problems with urination ­ this means having to get up frequently to go to the bathroom or involuntary urination (unintentionally passing urine). Dizziness ­ Blurred Vision or fainting ­ when either moving from a sitting down or lying down position to a standing position. This is caused by a drop in blood pressure.

With Parkinson’s disease there are a few mental symptoms as well as the physical. Here is a small list of some of the symptoms: Depression and Anxiety, having problems sleeping, memory issues and having trouble with something that requires planning. Another mental issue that may arise is Dementia, which is a symptom that is involved with an ongoing decline of the brains abilities ­ slowing down thinking speed and affecting memory, understanding and judgment.

Are you suspecting that someone you know have Parkinson’s disease

If you think that someone in your family is showing signs of this very common illness, there are only good reasons to ensure that the person is aware, and get themselves checked out. The reason we bring this up, is simply as often, the person afflicted is the last one to notice. The disease is often a gradual onset, and a slow one at that. Making it difficult to detect for oneself. In most cases there is no need for emergency treatment with Parkinson’s disease, so booking in for an appointment with a doctor is sufficient. The common symptoms for the illness are shakes in the hands, a lowered ability in motor functions and often a change in the fine motoric of the person. If the person you know have changed tone in voice, or their style in handwriting, often to smaller writing, it’s a tell tale sign of the disease.

Parkinson's Disease signs

What is good to keep in mind is also what to think about before the time of the appointment with the doctor comes is to write down any other changes that you might have noticed. And if there are any questions in your mind, it’s always good to have these on paper so that nothing important is left out. There is no reason for direct panic should a diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease become reality, there are many treatment methods out there, and although there may be changes of life and lifestyle to be implemented. You can be rest assured that many live long and active lives even with the illness. On top of that there is much support to be found out there, both for those suffering from the illness and for their loved ones, as well as for the ones who are caregivers.

Caring for someone

If you are a carer of someone  you will notice as time progresses it will get increasingly more difficult for the patient to do every day tasks, this means he will rely on you more and more as time goes on, the main thing to do is to try and let them be independent and give them time to do their own tasks. Thanks to Parkinson’s sponsor Locksmiths Ealing. When someone is diagnosed it can be especially hard on the emotional side, so you will be there for support and be able to let them rely on you. Another main issue with people having with caring for someone is keeping on top of the medication, this can be a daunting task because you need to take the medication in exactly the right amount at specific times of the day, if you don’t feel comfortable with this contact a GP or a pharmacist who can help guide you through the correct measures and anything else that may be bothering you.

Tell-Tale signs

It’s always good to know the early tell-tale signs.  Simple due to the fact that should you or someone you know have this illness, the earlier you notice the better the treatment options. It ia a chronic and progressive illness, which is known for the typical symptoms tremors, diminishing motor functions which can often be seen in an effected persons staggered walk and difficulty with balance. Other symptoms also related in its later stages are dementia and depression. The last mentioned is also often found in patients long before they are diagnosed.

about Parkinson's disease 18 holding hands

Symptoms to look out for if you are in suspicion that you, or someone that is close to you has this illness are tremors, shaking of the hands, arms or legs. This shaking can be isolated to one side of the body or display on both sides. Worsening balance and difficulty walking, Patients often have a staggered walk and a hunched over posture. If there is changes in a person’s tone of voice or handwriting this is also an indication of change in motor functions.

If you notice one or more of the above mentioned symptom in yourself or someone you know, please ensure that you get in touch with your doctor as soon as possible. Lastly what is also worth including in this information is that although it is a serious and we do not know the exact cause, nor do we have a cure for it, it’s still something that many live with without major change or disruption to their quality of life. There are of course milder and more severe cases of the illness, however if you catch it early, the chances are better that a treatment which is optimal for the individual in question is found.

The need for highly individual treatment plans for Parkinson’s disease patients

pd trials levendopa chemical structureWhen it comes to treatment methods, the most common and widely used it’s a drug treatment. However with Parkinson’s Disease, due to the highly individualist characteristics, progression and reaction to drugs every treatment has a high level of need for individualisation to the patient in question. And due to the nature of the disease, and how it effects the patients and the patients body and life, it’s important to understand that the treatment is not only a pill to cure an illness, but also a change in way of life to ensure that the best can be made of the situation. With physical therapy, counselling, support group networks and medicine the life of those diagnosed today can be managed in a good way. This means that the well being of the person in question can often be found and retained, however as a work in progress. And like any treatment it doesn’t work without the full backing, cooperation and involvement of the patient and the carers involved.

Due to the mental effects of the disease and the drug treatments it’s important to ensure that work takes place to keep the mind in good health. Other treatment options, which are not as widely available at the time are brain surgery of different kinds and a row of different clinical trials, and of course other alternative treatment methods. Although there is usually no discouragement to make use of alternative treatment methods, it’s important that they are in line with the clinical ones, and although the mind has the greatest impact on the body, medical science is certainly something not to be ignored.

Finding a new routine and a new way of life with Parkinson’s Disease

parkinsons disease coping with illnessLike with any major change in your life, getting diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease is not something easy to deal with. And as with all changes in life it’s not something which one can adapt to quickly. Patience, and letting go of comparison with the past is something which needs to be given attention. That which most persons who are living and coping well with Parkinson’s disease today pay testament to as one of the most important features to manage to cope with the new situation is to ensure that the support needed is there.

This includes of course finding support groups which are dealing with similar situations, and also remembering that there is no reason for you to deal with this situation alone. There is great strength in asking for help with coping, meaning that there should never be a barrier on this point. If you have been diagnosed with the illness, or if you have been appointed carer for a person with Parkinson’s disease, it’s important to know that you are not alone. The disease is widespread, and if you ask your doctor or search online you will find the help you need. It’s important not to let unhappiness build up under the surface due to the illness, dealing with change is always difficult, however it will be much easier to see clearer when speaking with those who have or are going through a similar situation.

If you have any questions, never be afraid to ask, it’s far better to ask too many questions than to few, and no matter how small or insignificant it may seem, by finding an answer or resolution with the problem, it will give great relief in any pressured situation.

Parkinson’s disease changes your life, but in no way ends it

If you know someone who has been diagnosed with the disease recently there are a few factors which can be good to be aware of, this especially if that someone is a person which is close to you. Finding out that someone close to you, which you care for and love is inflicted with Parkinson’s disease can indeed be a frightening ordeal, however it’s important to remember that in the current day there are many effective treatment options. And of course the hig