More about Parkinson’s disease
With the greatly reduced dopamine production in the brains of persons with Parkinson’s disease symptoms become apparent. They stem from issues with five major pathways in the brain which are connecting different regions. The first and second areas are associated with motor function, motor, and oculo-motor. Thirdly there an associative area, then there is the limbic and the orbitofrontal circuits. All of the before mentioned are as effected by Parkinson’s disease, and as the names suggest it’s also clear why symptoms manifest as they do. Persons suffering this chronic illness show difficulties with motor control, with keeping concentrated and attentive, this also means that often learning is a more hard felt process than for others.
The base model which has been a main point of Parkinson’s disease scientists has been similar since the eighties, however has been updated as new discovery has been made. However vastly this disease has been studied, the causes of it is still a mystery. There is clear indication that toxicity in the environment of patients can have great influence in causing the disease, and there are relations to genetic abnormalities also being present in many cases.
The most common way to treat this illness is via drugs which stimulate the patients natural dopamine release. Unfortunately in many cases drug treatments have a tendency to diminish in effect over time. There are also surgical procedures in which areas responsible for the inhabitation of the natural dopamine release are destroyed, or stimulation is placed to encourage the brains natural dopamine production. Either way, surgery is not an option for many patients who suffer with Parkinson’s disease, as there are often a row of complications and side effects.